In recent years, along with the enterprise information construction progresses, the control room as the center of the network platform, expanding the scale of construction, equipment, management of increasingly complex, the system highlights the security issues, management and maintenance of engine room equipment one by one the traditional way has been significantly behind. Among the many room management program, KVM be a good choice.
1 KVM Technology and Development
KVM is a keyboard, monitor and mouse (Keyboard, Video, Mouse) acronym. KVM systems, is to use a KVM or more sets of different platforms in different locations to switch control between the various hosts. To manage. In order to achieve a user through a keyboard, mouse, and monitor multiple servers to manage day. This is the basic KVM applications. As technology advances. People KVM increasingly demanding applications, there has been further KVM management system. If using a standard CAT cable, through the KVM matrix combination, can be within 300m of KVM server management system, 32-256. Such systems
Installed on the server does not require any hardware or software, no matter what kind of server based systems and platforms can be managed. BIOS-level access can be done far more than the traditional management software. These not only can manage the server KVM products, but also to manage a variety of applications-line network devices such as switches, firewalls and routers. Can even manage the power system, control equipment, startup and shutdown. And later appeared on TCP / IP protocol of the digital KVM products, the KVM over IP. Further breakthrough in the management of such products from the restrictions, can manage any time, any place, any region can be distributed in an unlimited number of servers in the data room. Giving users a convenient and secure remote management platform. And improve the efficiency of management staff, saving room area and reduce the overall system has a network server into the wood (TCO) and remote maintenance costs.
2 less than the traditional room management
In recent years, due to the continued construction of enterprise information input, the growing number of network equipment room, increasingly complex topology, a wide range of platforms, systems operation and maintenance management has become a prominent issue, the traditional engine room there are many deficiencies in maintenance mode :
(1) operation and maintenance, low efficiency, high into the wood. In the past, a host of a keyboard, mouse, and monitor the equipment constitutes a pattern, resulting in system maintenance staff need different devices, constantly switching between different platforms, a single-point maintenance and management, spend a lot of labor costs, and inefficient Moreover, due to duplication of equipment, resulting in a floor space of the waste and environmental clutter.
(2) there is implicit insecurity. The daily maintenance of the system to operate more, and the common operations accounted for a large proportion. This is not a large number of complex operation to bring V to avoid unnecessary security risks. Require frequent maintenance in and out of rooms, equipment operation also adversely affected.
(3) Remote management difficulties, the problem is not conducive to the timely response. As system administrators there temporarily away on business and other local circumstances, which need to provide a mechanism for remote management. To ensure that in this case, system administrators can log on the host system in a timely manner, deal with the problem. Remote management of a large current general are based on networks, in the host system and networking interruption. Will fail. On this basis, therefore, also need a backup of remote management tools.
Based on the above issues, in order to improve system operation and maintenance management. The urgent need to change the current mode of operation and management. In addition, centralized management of data from the needs of the future, and disaster recovery set brought much room to manage the requirements, but also the need for transformation of this management model to provide a safe, convenient and centralized management platform. Shenzhen Rui Desi is such an offer made through high-end KVM equipment manufacturers. The company introduced the ISO-9000 management system, all products whether it is USB KVM, PS2 KVM, KVM air plug or DC KVM, KVM exchanges are in line with ROHS standards, passed the CE, FCC and other related certification, China Telecom, China Mobile, China China Unicom, China Satcom, PetroChina, Sinopec, Bank of China, Industrial and Commercial Bank, Agricultural Bank, Construction Bank, ZTE and other professional customers widely used.
3 KVM management of the selection and application of the advantages of room
3.1 How to choose the best KVM room
Companies have chosen to KVM, you should evaluate the following features:
Cross-platform: in the choice of KVM, it must examine whether the product provides a complete platform compatibility, such as support for PS12 and USB dual interface, as well as PC, MAC, SUN and other platforms, and has independently on different hardware, operating systems and applications program compatibility.
Scalability: the information world is changing very fast, and yesterday also promote the distributed data centers, today advocating an integrated center. As technology changes and tightening of the IT procurement budget, the flexibility of data center management has become important considerations. So in the choice of KVM solutions must assess whether it can provide a full range of product lines, maximize scalability, multi-platform, supportive, and close connections with the remote access option. In short, the selected KVM should have handled the present and future flexibility of the complexity of IT operations capabilities.
Connectivity: KVM is now from the previous expensive, bulky and complex cable transmission distance limited shift from the traditional image of distance limitations and can band (out of band) connection to the server a new design. This 7×24 h uninterrupted provision of mission-critical data centers will have flexibility in a variety of connection one by one ‘including up to 300 m away from the standard UTP cable (cat5, cat 5e, cat 6, ca t7), Ip / Web access, and integration of the various connection options. If we can properly use a variety of connections, and technical personnel will be able to comprehensively improve the management efficiency, and can save costs, floor space and reduce the number of management staff.
Security: When the KVM IP technology began to leave, though the server and client to promote the remote control technology, but also brought other problems, that is, system security issues. Enterprises should establish an important concept: the deployment of the KVM-based III, do not overlook the security issue, and should further strengthen the authentication, login passwords, encryption and other preventive measures.
To this end, advanced IP-BASED KVM will provide multiple layers of security access control. For example, users first need to get the password through the registration procedures for people, and then must complete the certification audit SHA-1 to allow only authorized administrators to enter the system. To further ensure security, and some models even support the gold key (PKI) mechanism. In addition, all data transmitted through the network have been 128-bitSSL encryption or AES encryption system more advanced protection, so that prospective data theft even if the malicious user access to information can not be read.
Manageability: In the room, most of the devices are linked together, the devices must go through the software or applications to communicate. And achieve management efficiency. KVM is certainly no exception, so need to provide a variety of software tools for configuration, management, access, control, and time is running daily tracking. So in the procurement of KVM products, must pay attention to its management issues. In addition to providing a complete software applications, the network needs to support centralized management of KVM products, so that users can at any time fault detection, and directly from the desktop or from anywhere in the world to access and manage servers. Even the use of intuitive environment to both view and manage multiple servers.
Carefully selected partners: the KVM system and is closely related to the stable operation of the engine room equipment, so KVM products in the procurement of long-term cooperation should be carefully selected KVM suppliers.
3.2 KVM management applications in the engine room of the advantages of
Save space: the scale of development is very fast for the network room, the one previously used the space is relatively limited, and relocation services will result in a standstill. In this case, the reduction of the keyboard, mouse, and monitor the number of additional servers to make a lot of space, after all, a best choice.
Increase efficiency: engine room equipment in the enterprise is growing, increasing the workload of routine maintenance situation, how can the maintenance personnel freed from the heavy work to become an important issue. Imagine, when the shuttle system or network maintenance personnel and a variety of cabinets in the server is composed of the “jungle”, the search for access to the fault of the machine, its efficiency is how low. And this low efficiency, not only a waste of limited human resources, but also failures lack of timely repair, the network or data center should not have stopped. The KVM solutions achieved by a keyboard, mouse, monitor the composition of all the machines console login. This greatly improves the system or network maintenance staff efficiency, so that failure in the safest, most rapid and timely case solution.
Room to improve security, ease of management: network control room is the core of the core data in and out of room, there are hidden insecurity (in the financial sector, securities industry, especially government departments). The daily maintenance of the system to operate more, and the common operations accounted for a large proportion of this large complex operation inevitably bring unnecessary security risks. Using KVM system, all operations can be completed in the control room, control room and engine room strictly separate the core data will greatly enhance the room’s physical security.
May at any time for remote management: As the level of enterprises continuously improve the information technology, data centers and IT staff are often separate office or even off-site, through a remote keyboard, mouse and monitor to achieve the overall system within the engine room remote management, maintenance, system 24 h to ensure continuous, stable operation of an important tool. -Based TCI IP protocol of the KVM product, you can easily on one platform. all equipment within the engine room anytime, anywhere remote control.
With the rapid development of computer application technology, KVM switch has moved from simple hardware switch only functions with the rapid development of highly complex and intelligent control devices, the convenience it provides has made it the key equipment in the room management. The future, KVM Management in the engine room of the road, will be farther and farther, wider and wider. More and more enterprises, government units, which are specified in the project using high-end brand Reton KVM, Xiao Bian sincerely wishes Reton KVM switch also goes farther, KVM industry in China, occupies a seat.